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Commodity Market and Its types

Commodity Market and Its types

Table of content

  • What are Commodities?
  • What is the commodity market?
  • How does the commodity market work?
  • Participants of Commodity Market
  • Why Invest in the Commodity Market?
  • Type of Commodities Traded
  • The Commodity Exchange Mechanism
  • Wrapping Up

What are Commodities?

A raw resource that can be sold in big numbers is referred to as a commodity. Commodities are fundamental items that are used in commerce and can be exchanged for other items of the same kind. Commodities like gold, silver, corn, wheat, coffee, and oil are just a few.

The quality and quantity of a commodity are consistent. The primary trait is that it consists of numerous producers and numerous consumers.

You can trade commodities on a variety of marketplaces, including futures, spot, and options markets. Delivery takes place at a certain future date in futures markets. Delivery is now taking place in spot markets. In markets for options, delivery may take place at any point prior to the option’s expiration or nullification.

What is the commodity market?

A commodity market is a location where you can trade various commodities, such as energy, precious metals, crude oil, and spices. India has just been able to trade futures for roughly 120 different commodities thanks to the Forward Market of Commissions. Perishable and non-perishable items are both acceptable investment options for investors with a portfolio diversification focus. It will lessen risks for all investors and serve as a check on the soaring inflation rate in the country. You can get extra information for the relevant topic by one and only RP Comtrade.

How does the commodity market work?

The many commodity markets, which provide consumers with services and industry with capital goods and fuel, constitute the foundation of the economy. Every item you use every day has at some point been exchanged on the commodity markets.

A commodity market is a gathering place for buyers and sellers to exchange goods and commodities for money or other commodities. Commodity markets use futures contracts that are traded in standardized sizes, terms, conditions, etc. in addition to money.

Commodity exchanges are managed by traders, who create a virtual auction house for buyers and sellers to interact. The commodity exchange is in charge of giving both parties a fair and open market so that their transactions can be completed as easily as feasible.

The commodities exchanges function as an open market where buyers and sellers can trade goods. These exchanges also trade futures contracts with standardized sizes, terms, and conditions.

The following variables affect the supply and demand of a specific commodity:

1) Raw materials:

The price of a commodity is influenced by the availability of raw resources at any given time. When raw resources are in short supply, their price will be high, and when they are in plentiful supply, their price will be lower.

2) Demand in domestic/international market: 

The demand for a commodity on domestic and international markets has an impact on its price. There is a shortage of supply when demand rises on the domestic or international market.

Participants of Commodity Market


Traders that engage in speculation regularly monitor commodity prices in order to forecast future price movements. If they anticipate that the price will rise, they buy a commodity contract and immediately sell them when the price does. Similar to this, they sell their commodities contracts when they anticipate a decline in price and then repurchase them later. Every speculator’s main goal is to make a significant profit in any kind of market.


Hedgers are typically producers and manufacturers who use the commodity futures market to hedge their risks.

Let’s clarify with the aid of an illustration:

A farmer can hedge his position if he anticipates price swings while crop harvesting is taking place. He will sign the futures contract in order to shield himself from the risk. If the market price of the crop declines, the farmer can make up all of the lost revenue by forecasting future market earnings.

Similar to the last example, if crop prices increase while the crop is being harvested, the farmer may experience a loss in the future market; however, he might make up for it by selling his product for a higher price in the local market.

Commodity Market and Its types

Why Invest in the Commodity Market?

The commodities market offers both benefits and drawbacks for investors. Let’s start by examining the benefits with RP Comtrade:



The returns on the equity and bond markets have outperformed those of the commodity market. As a result, many people benefit from investing a small amount of their money in the commodities market. Even though stock prices are falling, they will still be able to make a nice return on their investment. This helps offset the negative or declining profits generated mostly by the capital sector.

Margin Trading

Trading margins for commodities are lower than those offered by the bond and equity markets. Because brokers are allowed to trade using borrowed money, each transaction is worth more to both speculators and hedgers. Commodity traders may earn from large orders by guaranteeing future payment, assisting investors in maximizing their return on investment.

Real Returns

Other commodities are stable in the current state of the economy and the capital markets, however some commodities are prone to volatility. A good example of how volatile commodities can be is crude oil. Its price fluctuates because of significant changes in supply, difficulties with the mining process, or general economic circumstances. Stockholders invest in such commodities to make a profit despite the market’s turbulence and take a long or short position depending on their assessment of the market.


Limited Returns

Contrary to the stock and bond markets, which also offer periodic dividends and coupon payments, commodity investments only aim to increase capital gains. But for the commodity market to generate substantial returns, actual proficiency is necessary. Anyone can trade on any recognized commodity market by opening an account with a specific commodity broker.